It can be a challenge even to get started on a diet and exercise plan. After all, some people find it easier to lose weight because of having a faster metabolism or being younger. You might have tried and failed over and over, which dents your self confidence and makes you less likely to want to go again.
You may even have gotten to the point of considering weight loss surgery. In this article, we are going to look at both the types and the criteria for getting weight loss surgery.
Types of Weight Loss Surgery
- Gastric Bypass – This is probably the most frequently performed method of bariatric surgery. It is also known in medical circles as RYGB. The theory is that by reducing the size of your available stomach to just a small pouch, you will only be able to eat very little and so will lose weight. The food you eat isn't absorbed by the rest of your stomach and instead passes from the smaller stomach “pouch” into your intestines. The surgery itself isn't too invasive as it involves several small incisions and a tiny camera being inserted for the surgeon to see what they are doing.
- Adjustable Gastric Band – Also known as a gastric balloon, this involves fitting a band at the top of your stomach which is controlled by a balloon. The more inflated the balloon, the less food that can pass through.
- Gastric Sleeve – This involves the removal of the majority of your stomach, leaving only a narrow section of the top part. This method is designed to reduce hunger hormones because of the placement.
- Duodenal Switch – A more complicated version of the gastric sleeve, this type of surgery means your small intestine is bypassed also and severely limits how much you can eat.
- Electrical Implant – This sort of acts like a pacemaker to convey electric signals to your Vagus nerve, located somewhere between your brain and stomach. The reasoning behind this is that the Vagus nerve is the control center for delivering “hey! I'm full” signals to your brain.
Weight loss surgery can only be effective by following a sensible diet as, for example, a gastric band can be stretched by eating large portions, rendering it ineffective. One of the drawbacks of these types of surgery is that your body doesn't get enough time to take in nutrients from the food you eat, which could leave you with a damaging lack of vitamins.
For two years after getting bariatric surgery, most people find that they will steadily be losing weight. After the two years are up, some people find that they regain some of the weight they have lost, but dedicated people will keep it off.
Some people are recommended for bariatric surgery because they have diabetes, high blood pressure, or their life is at risk. These things usually improve as the pounds drop off.
Risks of Bariatric Surgery
There are several dangers and side effects of this type of surgery. complications and side effects include:
- Infection at the incision site that can lead to sepsis
- Death from anesthetic reaction
- Increased gas
- Excessive sweating when eating too much.
All surgeries require extensive consultation with a doctor before they are carried out, who will make you aware of the risks in detail.
Only some people are eligible for weight loss surgery. According to the American Society for Metabolic & Bariatric Surgery the following conditions exist:
- You have to have a BMI of over 35, and in some cases it has to be over 40.
- You may have a condition like diabetes which is caused or made worse by your weight.
- You must fully consent and understand the type of surgery you are about to undergo.
- You must be willing to change your eating habits.
- Most HMO Insurance plans will state that you need to have counseling with a dietician or nutritionist.
- Smokers may be told to give up before surgery can happen.
Teenagers usually aren't accepted for bariatric surgery but in extreme cases they are. Teens may be eligible with a BMI of 35+ (e.g a height of 5 foot 6 and 220 pounds) alongside a medical condition related to their obesity.
There may be other criteria and conditions depending on the Insurance plan you have, or the health service in your country. The first step is to speak to your doctor.
Alternative to Gastric Surgery
Chances are that if you have enough weight to lose that you are considering getting surgery to solve your obesity problem, you have tried diet, exercise and diet pills to try and lose weight in the past. It may not have worked, or you put the weight back on when you stopped.
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